What is Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)?
Hypertension (hypertension) is defined as a systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg (mercury pressure) and above, or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg and above, in an adult over the age of 18, when measured at least twice on two different days. Who Is High Blood Pressure Seen More? There are many factors that increase the risk of high blood pressure: 1- Age : The incidence of high blood pressure increases with advancing age. On the other hand, high blood pressure is usually first detected between the ages of 35-50. 2- Gender : Considering the group under 50 years of age, it is more common in men. The incidence is equal in the 50-55 age group. After the age of 55, the incidence is higher in women. 3- Heredity : About 60% of people with high blood pressure have a family history of high blood pressure. 4- Obesity: About 40% of obese people have high blood pressure. About one-third of young patients are obese. 5- Diabetes: High blood pressure is very common in diabetic patients. 6- Excessive salt consumption: It is one of the causes of high blood pressure. 7- Lack of physical activities: It increases the possibility of high blood pressure. 8- Alcohol consumption: The incidence of high blood pressure increases in alcohol users . 9- Stress: It can facilitate the emergence of high blood pressure. What symptoms should suggest high blood pressure? Hypertension can be diagnosed without any symptoms, only by having a high blood pressure value measured incidentally. However, the most common symptoms are headache radiating from the neck to the forehead, dizziness, ringing in the ears, tinnitus, nosebleeds, palpitations, sweating and frequent urination. Prof. Dr. Ayşe ÇARLIOĞLU Internal Medicine - Internal Medicine, Endocrinology and Metabolism Diseases